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Introduction

The State of Nagaland is located in the extreme northeastern region of India with its capital at Kohima.

The State has common boundaries with Myanmar in the East, State of Assam in the West, Arunachal Pradesh and part of Assam in  the North and with Manipur in the South. It lies between 93º 20ºE and 95º15ºE Longitude and between 25º6º and 27º4ºN Latitude.

Although the State has a geographical area of only 16,579 sq.kms, the land is lush with luxuriant forest, rolling mountains,  enchanting valleys and swift flowing streams and rivers making the landscape beautiful. The altitude varies from 200 meters in  the  plains to 3,840 meters in the hills.

The inhabitants of Nagaland are tribal having distinctive dialect and culture. The State’s population is predominantly rural with  about 71% of its population living in villages.

The State is comprised of 11 administrative districts with 74 blocks and 1428 inhabited villages. Each district is inhabited with one or more tribes thereby imparting to it a distinct linguistic, cultural, traditional and socio-political characteristic.

The climate of the state varies from Subtropical, Tropical to Temperate. The terrain is predominantly hilly and is covered by a rich and varied floral and faunal assemblage. It forms part of one of the 35 biodiversity hot spots of the world, i.e., the Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspot.

STATE AT GLANCE

Population19,80,602 (Census 2011)
CapitalKohima (1,444 meters above Mean Sea Level)
DistrictsKohima, Mokokchung, Tuensang, Mon, Wokha, Phek, Zunheboto, Dimapur, Peren, Kiphire and Longleng
Average Rainfall2,500mm
Highest PeakSaramati in Kiphire District (3,840metres above Mean Sea Level)
Main RiversDhansari, Doyang, Dikhu,Melak, Tizu and Zungki
Decennial Population Growth-0.47 % (Census 2011)
Density of Population per sq. km.119 persons (Census 2011)
Literacy Rate80.11% (Census 2011)
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